EU4発売前情報

Europa Universalis IV: Developer diary 33 - Go East!
by Johan
Published on 05-06-2013 15:45 Number of Views: 9056

Welcome to the 33rd Development Diary for Europa Universalis IV, where we go into details about Ming China, the great dynasty that ruled over as much as a fifth of the world’s population in 1444, and dominated East Asian politics and diplomacy until the arrival of Western traders.

ようこそ第33回目の開発日記へ。今日は明朝中国の詳細について話すよ。
この偉大な王朝は、1444年における世界の五分の一の人口を支配していた。
彼らは西洋の貿易商人たちがやってくるまで、東アジアの政治と外交を支配していた。

China is a country we tried to make interesting and unique in the Asian Dynasties expansion for Europa Universalis III, and we are keeping some elements of those changes. But we’ve refined them to, again, emphasize player choice and flexibility.

China 中国

The Ming Dynasty ruled China for about 300 years, from 1368 till the Manchu conquest in 1644 (founding the Qing Dynasty). The Ming have traditionally been held as one of the high points of China’s long history, Chinese art and literature flourished, the government reinvigorated the ancient system of civil service examinations to seek new talent and great trading voyages that drew tribute from as far away as Africa.

明の王朝は、1368年から1644年の満州による征服(清朝の成立)まで300年間にわたって中国を支配していた。
明は中国の長い歴史のなかでも屈指の伝統をもっている。中国の芸術や文学はこの時代に洗練され、政府は科挙によって統治システムを活性化させ、遠洋航海によって遠くアフリカまで訪問した。

By the game’s start in 1444, however, these merchant adventures have stopped and China has turned inward. The scientific progress of the Song Dynasty has slowed, and the rise of an anti-trade faction of bureaucrats has weakened the power of the eunuchs that championed this expansion. As we will see later, managing these factions will be one of the great tests for you as a Chinese leader.

ゲームがスタートする1444年にはしかしながら、こうした商人たちの冒険はすでに停止されていた。中国は鎖国政策に転換していた。
宋時代の科学の発展は緩慢になっており、貿易に敵対的な官僚の派閥が宦官の勢力を弱めていた。宦官は拡張行動のチャンピォンだったのに。
時代が下ると、これらの派閥が中国の支配者の一つになるのだ。

Strategically, Ming China is in a good position. It has almost limitless manpower and can field vast armies. There are no neighbors that are in any position to do it serious damage, and even a coalition of four or five of its neighbors will find it difficult to put a dent in the Emperor’s glory. Only the rise of a continental power on the western steppes is really an issue. Until the Europeans show up.

戦略的に、明国は好ましい状態にある。その人口は無尽蔵に等しく、人海戦術を可能とする。近隣に致命的な打撃力を有する夷国も存在しないうえに、仮に夷国が、4から5程度共闘したところで大皇帝の帝冠を脅かすことすら儘ならないと悟るだろう。明国にとっての脅威は、西塵のみといえる。

China’s biggest problems will be internal. Her size means that the grand armies will need to be stationed throughout the empire because it can take a while to march from one end to the other. China’s history of division and independent warlords means that a mass rebellion could lead to the secession of Zhou or Wei rival kingdoms.

明国の最大の欠陥は内部に存する。大皇帝の統治は遥かに及び、全土を端から端まで横断することは多大な時間を要することになる。このため、中華全土に兵馬が駐屯することになり、必然的に凶暴な軍事国家となるのである。

For the Ming, stability is paramount. Stability guarantees smooth sailing and the blessings of the Mandate of Heaven.

Mandate of Heaven
China has a unique government form called Celestial Empire, reflecting the Chinese belief that a well-governed kingdom was evidence of divine sanction and blessing, whereas a poorly governed or tyrannical one was evidence that the Emperor could be deposed.

The Celestial Empire alone gives the Ming a 3 point reduction to their revolt risk. But as long as China is not in negative stability and the ruler has a decent legitimacy, they gain the Mandate of Heaven, which gives a 10% discount to increasing stability, and another 5 point reduction revolt risk. As you can see, positive stability leads to even greater security; the Ming Empire is secure, confident and the people will remain quiet. But if you rely too heavily on this power to keep rebellions down, you may see a negative stability hit cause great damage. Never count on your own mystical awesomeness.

If China westernizes though, they lose all those benefits and begin to face severe internal problems. If your government has been propped up by respect for tradition, then you will pay a price for breaking from that. Be prepared.

Faction System
In Europa Universalis 3, China had a faction system that limited what they could do. Certain factions prevented colonization, others wouldn’t let you declare war, etc. This did not make for fun gameplay, especially since the nature of the factional drift could mean that you were unable to face a growing problem because of advisors you had no control over. It is always more fun to be doing things.

In Europa Universalis 4, you can always do everything as China, but depending on which faction you have in power, you remove some of the penalties that China faces for having a Chinese Bureaucracy. This feature is a list of problems that the hierarchical and rigid traditionalism of Chinese government poses or you. Each faction disables a few of the penalties.

If the Temple Faction is dominant, it removes the penalties associated with war: penalties to troop discipline, army forcelimits, and the cost of core creation. You increase their influence by spending MIL power.
If the Eunuch faction is dominant, it removes the penalties on trade, diplomacy, technology and advisors, so this is the faction you want for advancing your country scientifically or diplomatically. You increase their influence by spending DIP power.
If the Bureaucrat faction is dominant, it removes the penalties on tax income, the cost of buildings, the cost of increasing stability and the price units, so this is the faction you want for improving your countries economical base. You increase their influence by spending ADM power.

The faction and government system is entirely removed when China westernizes, and the country transforms into a feudal monarchy.

Events
The events for Ming Chine are a mixture of religious, reformation and political events, from "The Arrival of Jesuits" to "The Closure of China" and "Qi Jiguang's Army Reforms". They will affect the country in many diverse ways, bringing factions in and out of favor and add that extra spice that flavors the game so exquisitely.

National Ideas
China starts with 10% more trade power generated by their provinces, and 10% cheaper ideas.

  1. Repaired Great Wall : +15% Defensiveness: When in good condition and well manned, China’s Great Wall complexes serve as an effective northern border to deter nomadic invasions.
  2. Revived Training Camps: +5% Discipline: In the 1430s, the Emperor Yongle established three military training camps, one for each of the types you’ll see in EU4. They fell into disrepair after his death, but were revived in 1460s to keep the Chinese military from losing cohesion.
  3. Inward Perfection: 10% cheaper stability: The end of the trade expeditions of the great Zheng He was forced by a faction committed to the belief that China’s best course was to look after her own improvement at home, free from foreign influence.
  4. Yellow River Dykes: +10% Production Efficiency.: The flood plains of the Yellow River are great for agriculture but some seasons the waters rise too high and destroy everything around them. For centuries, the Chinese built an elaborate dike system to control the river.
  5. Salt Monopoly: +10% Trade Income: Introduced by the Tang dynasty of Medieval China, the salt monopoly ensured that this vital resource and the wealth that came from its trade would be handled by government officials. Early Ming rulers privatized the Salt Trade – maybe it is time to bring it back under the Emperor’s control?
  6. Head Tax: 10% Tax Income: The Ming, historically, relied on trade and internal commerce more than taxation to ensure that the needs of citizens were met. A reformed tax system could help you avoid their historical fate.
  7. The Eight Banners: +100% Manpower.: Actually a Manchu military system, this was the organization framework that allowed the northern power to overwhelm the Ming in the 17th century. You as the Ming Emperor have the chance to model your own army after theirs.

When China has earned all their ideas, they get 30% faster decay of bad relations. The National Ideas of China are designed to help it gradually overcome many of the issues connected to its size and poor tech development. A stronger military that can draw on better national income should keep the Ming vital even when the Portuguese and English come knocking.

Bonus Feature: Debt & Loans

Debt is something that every EU player has learned to fear. We all remember learning the game and encountering that slow spiral into bankruptcy that can just gets worse and worse until death comes to an otherwise successful game. After all, what harm can one loan do, we asked ourselves. Then one became two became five. EU players were cautioned to avoid loans whenever possible.
However the truth is that, historically, debt wasn’t necessarily all that bad for countries, only excessive debt was. So we’ve made some changes to the debt system.

At its core, it’s unchanged. You borrow money whenever you want (and automatically when your treasury drops below zero), you pay interest on that debt every month and at some point you pay it back. So far, so good. You know this stuff.
The main change we have done to the debt system that you can pay it back at any time you like, instead of hoarding your wealth until the bankers come knocking in five years time. You do need to pay the interest as well as the principal for the remainder of the loan term; this isn’t a cheaper workaround. And, if you can’t pay back the debt on time, it simply rolls over, and there is no interest increase.

This is there to make money management easier. Debt is no longer something you need plan for years in advance so you know you’ll be able to pay it off. It is something you get into when times are tough and pay off when you are able to.

When you are fighting a war and know your economy will recover eventually, you can recruit huge armies of mercenaries based on loans, for example.
Bankruptcy is still possible, but you need to be in a staggering amount of debt and facing a major economic catastrophe for it to trigger. The consequences, of course, are ruinous.

原文掲載サイト:
http://forum.paradoxplaza.com/forum/content.php?1481-Europa-Universalis-IV-Developer-diary-33-Go-East!

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次 - 開発日記34 ユニットインターフェイス等


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Last-modified: 2013-07-26 (金) 20:20:14 (2099d)